A defining characteristic of competitive sport is that the contest should be unpredictable and decided by the skill of participants alone. Where sporting outcomes are determined by other, illegitimate means – such as doping or match-fixing – the integrity of the competition is called into question and confidence in sport is undermined. In this context, effective national and international measures to protect the integrity of sport are essential.
The full text of this article is available to our members, please login to continue reading.
Not a member? Sign up for membership here to gain full access to our website and to receive a range of other special member offers and tailored benefits.
Please direct any questions to email@example.com.